Tag Archives: Abbey Road

The History of Abbey Road Studios: Part 4

Richard Cook, R.A. and 2 Abbey Road

The first recorded owner after Martha Chapman is the artist Richard Cook, R.A..  Richard Cook was born December 10, 1784 in London to Jonathan and Phillis Cook. In 1800, he entered the Royal Academy of art and in 1808 started showing his work. Richard became an Associate member of the Academy in 1817 and received his full honors of Royal Academian (R.A.) on February 9, 1822. Six months later, he married Sarah Elizabeth Waddilove and set out on a long honeymoon “on the continent”.

Richard Cook | Artist | Royal Academy of ArtsSarah Waddilove came from a well to do family. Her father John, who died in 1801, was a lawyer. Her and her four brothers inherited £40,000 each after John’s death. Upon her mother’s death in 1821, one year before Sarah married Richard, Sarah inherited another handsome sum from the dower of her mother. It’s been concluded that after Richard Cook married into a wealthy family, he no longer had any interest or need to paint. He never produced another painting for the Academy which angered some of the other members and had them publicly questioning Richard’s position as a member and judge. Some even said he was elected a member because he gave expensive dinner parties!

According to the book Abbey Road by Southall, Vince and Rouse, Richard Cook purchased the future Abbey Road Studios in 1833. He is listed in the 1833 London Blue Book as living at 2 Abbey Road (the house would be changed to 3 Abbey Road in 1872). In the 1841 and 1851 censuses, Robert and Sarah lived at Abbey Road with three servants: a footman, housemaid and cook.

There are sources that say Richard loved to throw large extravagant parties for all his art friends. But one story involves one of his brother-in-laws and the law. According to an item that appeared in The Times of London, Richard Cook was dining with his brother-in-law, Alfred Waddilove, at Richard’s home at 2 Abbey Road on Sunday, March 31, 1839. Alfred was the youngest of 8 siblings. They may have been celebrating Alfred’s impending Master’s Degree in law from Trinity University that he would receive on May 2nd, or possibly they were celebrating his upcoming nuptials to Mary Elizabeth Codd in August, but whatever the two men might have been drinking to that night, it spill out into the street.

The article says that thirty minutes after leaving the Cook residence on a “powerful horse” moving at 10 mph, Alfred’s horse came into contact with a gig. The two wheeled horse cart, moving at the rate of 2 mph, was being driven by William Partridge and his wife Hannah, both 38 years of age. Unfortunately, the collision caused the gig to tip over, spilling the Partridges onto the sidewalk. Alfred Waddilove not only got thrown from him horse, but the horse fell on Hannah Partridge causing her to be bedridden for the foreseeable future.

When the constable showed up, he quickly determined that Alfred Waddilove was intoxicated. Probably because when someone offered Mrs. Partridge a glass of water, Alfred exclaimed, “Don’t give her water, give her gin!” Alfred was taken to the police station and fined for drunkenness. Richard Cook, when questioned by officials, said Mr. Waddilove was sober when he left his house. The judge sided with the Partridges, but determined that the two parties should settle the matter amongst themselves. Alfred Waddilove paid them £10 to settle the matter.

There is no mention of Sarah Elizabeth Cook after she married Richard. Her brothers on the other hand turn up quite often in court cases involving various real estate deals that are in default. When reading about their antics, you really get the impression of spoiled rich boys running amuck with no sense of responsibility. Richard would be mentioned occasionally in the London newspapers when there was news of new art installations, shows, etc. at the Academy.

And Richard was listed in the 1850 London Directory as still living at 2 Abbey Road. We know that Richard and Sarah remained at 2 Abbey Road up until at least 1851 according to that year’s census.

Sarah passed away on November 23, 1855 while they were residing at No. 11 Great Cumberland-Place, Hyde Park according to the newspapers. And Richard would pass away at the same location on March 11, 1857.

 

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The History of Abbey Road Studios: Part 3

Martha Charman

The honor of being the person responsible for the building of the house that we know today as Abbey Road Studios goes to a woman! Martha Charman, a spinster, signed an agreement on September 24, 1822 to have a 4 story home built (that includes the basement and attic) on Abbey Road one week before her 43rd birthday.

Martha Charman was born on Sunday, October 1, 1775 to Peter and Elizabeth (nee Buckland) Charman in Westminster, London. She was the second oldest of six surviving children born around the time Great Britain was trying to tame the rebel colonists into submission in the new world. Her father, Peter Charman, and her older brother, also named Peter, were both jewelers in Aldgate and Piccadilly.

Martha never married, so all official records of her after the age of 18 refer to her as “Martha Charman, spinster”. Elizabeth, Martha’s younger sister, married Robert Todd, the most well-known and accomplished builder on the Eyre Estate and a best friend of Walpole Eyre. This would benefit Martha well when it came time to build the future Abbey Road Studios.

Martha’s early years are a blur, but what we do know is that after her father’s passing, she is listed as a ‘dealer in toys’ at 32 Aldgate, not far from where her father’s jewelry shop had been. We can’t be sure if her working came about because of father’s death in November 1812 since he left his entire estate, including several properties around Aldgate, to his wife Elizabeth. And, up until 1811, the toy store had been listed as being in the hands of George Shuter, toyman, on an insurance policy. In 1813, it’s insured under Martha Charman.

From 1815-1820, Martha Charman is listed as a resident at 20 Aldgate Street, another property owned by Shuter, on the tax records, but George died in 1815, so the property was probably now being managed by his widow Rebecca. Martha continued to rent the house when in February 1816, Martha and her two sisters inherited £3000 to be split between them from their Uncle Henry Reddington. Henry was their mother’s half-brother. In 2019 numbers, £3000 is worth £290,022.94, which is worth $359,909.77.

On September 22, 1822, an agreement was signed between William Hall, builder, and “Martha Charman of Grove Street in said parish of Saint Marylebone”. The address of Grove Street (which no longer exists) was an area of terraced houses at the southern tip of the Eyre Estate developed by Walpole Eyre in the early 1800s. Terraced houses in London are what Americans refer to as row homes.

There are no records as to when Martha Charman moved into Grove Street. Making the mystery even more interesting is that she is mentioned as letting a piece of land on Grove End Road on the north side of land that Robert Todd is purchasing from William Hall in a lease agreement dated April 3, 1823. So we know she was not only building homes, she was leasing multiple properties on the Eyre Estate.

Returning to the Abbey Road agreement:

“The said William Hall agrees to sell and the said Martha Charman agrees to purchase at the sum of four hundred and ninety five pounds the peppercorn lease of all that piece or parcel of ground situate and being on the south west side of a certain newly made road…”

The September 1822 agreement goes on to say that Mr. Hall will build a four story house about 36 feet square by Michaelmas (September 29) 1823 on the walled half acre property. The four story home will include an attic and basement which would be used as servants’ quarters, offices and outbuildings.

Though the agreement said the home would be built by 1823, there is no record of it being built until May 15, 1828. The lease drawing of the home and land show that two narrow, but long parcels of land were purchased and one building was put in the middle of the 92’ x 250’ property.

  • Top floor/attic contained two bedrooms for servants.
  • Second floor had seven bedrooms, the largest being 24’x16’, and a water closet/powder room.
  • Half-landing between the first and second floors there was a bathroom.
  • First floor included the dining room with a service lift to the basement, drawing room, library, morning room, study and water closet.
  • Half-basement had two servants bedrooms, the kitchen, laundry/washroom, servants dining hall, pantry and another water closet.

There is also no record of whether or not Martha Charman ever really lived at her new home on Abbey Road. As said earlier, she owned another parcel of land a small walk down Grove End Road, and in 1833, upon the death of her mother, Elizabeth, she inherited the house that she and her mother were living in at No. 4 Grove Road. At the time it was customary for women to will land to their daughters since laws always favored husbands and fathers when it came to land ownership. Martha continued this tradition in her own will when she left one of her mother’s other homes on “the north west side of Hall Place” to her niece Mary Charman. She left her home on what was now called No. 4 Grove End Road to her nephew Harry Charman. By the time of her death, the Abbey Road house will have changed hands two more times.

In an interesting side story about Martha’s father that will make sense later on in the story of 3 Abbey Road – he appeared in a book published in 1815 titled, “Memoirs and Confessions of Captain Ashe”. In an attempt to get promoted from the rank of Ensign to Captain, Thomas Ashe would try to by the favor. Ashe’s friend, Broome, “took me to a jeweller’s in Saint Jame’s Street, Mr. Peter Charman, now residing in Piccadilly, corner of Albermarle Street…” Broome lets Mr. Charman know that he has noticed Mary Anne Clark frequenting his shop and asks if there is any particular piece of jewelry that she favors. When it is decided that it is a £300 diamond necklace, Broome instructs Charman to gift the necklace to her and charge it to Thomas Ashe. And ask Miss Clark “…if she will undertake to promote our friend Ashe from his ensigncy in the Fencibles, to a company in a regular regiment of foot…” She apparently had the ear and the heart of the Duke and he “made a merit of doing the most outrageous things at her suggestion.” Needless to say, after the whole monstrosity played out, Mary Anne Clark was one diamond necklace richer and Thomas Ashe was £300 poorer. Peter Charman didn’t fare well either because he had lost $170 in credit he had given Ashe based on his supposed promotion in the Army. This theme of buying favors will play out again at 3 Abbey Road in the early 1900s.

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The History of Abbey Road Studios: Part 2

St John’s Wood and the Eyre Estate

Over the years/decades/centuries, the area that had become known as St. John’s Wood would change hands several times as the Kings and Queens of England would take possession of the land only to have the next owner of the throne gave it away again. In the year 1238 A.D.,  King Henry III gave the land to the Knights Templar, until it was taken back by the crown. In 1323, King Edward II bestowed the land upon the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem, which is the origin of the name of St. John’s Wood. In 1539, King Henry VII took it back and St. John’s Wood, which by this time was being clear of trees because of the demand for lumber, remained under control by the crown until the 18th century.

Eventually, in 1732, local, wealthy, wine merchant Henry Samuel Eyre (1676 – 1754) purchased almost 500 acres of St. John’s Wood from the Earl of Chesterfield. Never having had any children of his own, Henry would ultimately name his nephew, Walpole Eyre (1734 – 1773), as heir of the entire estate. Upon his death, Walpole would leave the entire estate to his son, Henry Samuel Eyre, Esq. (1770 – 1851).

Starting in the late 1700s, the Eyre estate would be divided up and leased out in lots ranging from a half acre to over 36 acres. The 20 acre plot of land that would eventually contain 3 Abbey Road, was originally leased to Jonathan Alderton in 1796. In total, he leased 7 plots totaling over 70 acres that ran along the west side of Grove End Road and what would eventually be Abbey Road. The land was considered a “grass farm”, meaning it was either used to grow grain or feed or it was used as grazing pastures for farm animals.

Eyre Estate map w/ 3 of Alderton’s plots
Purple line = Abbey Road
Blue line = Road to Kilburn

By 1805, the lease to the same 7 plots, plus several more, were in the hands of John Hill. According to letters held in the Westminster archives, Walpole took exception in 1806 to how Hill was caring for the fields. Walpole wrote in his letter that one of the fields was now a “soil pit” and is being used to dump “all sorts of London filth & nastiness”. Apparently, Hill had also made a road/path leading to this ‘dump’ and along the road, he built two small cottages, which Walpole claimed were against his lease. This “road” would eventually become Abbey Road.

I’ve tried to create a somewhat accurate map to show the different routes that were used to reach Kilburn Abbey. By the time Abbey Road was created, the Abbey had been destroyed. The purple line on both of the maps below mark where Abbey Road would eventually be created after the other two routes to the Kilburn Abbey.

"This work is based on data provided through www.VisionofBritain.org.uk and uses historical material which is copyright of the Great Britain Historical GIS Project and the University of Portsmouth".

Map showing alternate routes to Kilburn Abbey in 1700s St. John’s Wood, London

 

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From Hemingway to Lennon and back again…

I’ve spent the last several months slowly reading my way through The Letters of Ernest Hemingway: Volume 4. A friend of mine had sent me an article back in April 2020 that talked about some of the letters between Hemingway and his U.K. publisher, Jonathan Cape Publishing, contained in the book.

Jonathan Cape publishing was founded in London in 1921 by Herbert Jonathan Cape and his partner Wren Howard.  They would publish many notable and award winning authors, including: Robert Frost, Ian Fleming and James Joyce. The publishing house still exists today and is an imprint for Penguin/Random House.

In 1925, Jonathan Cape became Ernest Hemingway’s U.K. publisher and would publish the British editions of Hemingway’s In Our Time in 1926, followed by The Sun Also Rises, Men Without Women, A Farewell to Arms and Death in the Afternoon. But Hemingway was very open about his hatred of the publishing house’s namesake. Cape would often make edits and publish Hemingway’s works without asking the author’s permission, something Hemingway was very strict about. Once Hemingway was done writing and editing a book that was it. It was finished. Period. He hated changes of any sorts, especially when they tried to remove “dirty” works or rewrite scenes that were of the deeply intimate type. Many publishers, including his own would warn him that his books could be censored due to the questionable language, but he insisted that the words remain exactly as he wrote the or the whole story would go to hell.

On page 363 of The Letters of Ernest Hemingway dated 12 September 1930 from Ernest to Jonathan Cape, Ernest is busy discussing royalty payments & publishing details, along with his successful hunting expeditions (he was in Montana at the time) and writing his latest book. Paragraph 4 (out of 5) of the letter reads as follows:

With best wishes for the season, – it seems Christmas weather; snowing hard in the mountains – to you and to Mrs. Cape and, if you see her, to Norah James, and to Mr. Wren Howard-

Norah Cordner James worked for Jonathan Cape overseeing the advertising for his firm from 1921-1929. Though this is the only time in all the 5 volumes of Hemingway’s letters that Norah is mentioned, there is no doubt Hemingway would have known about her work at Cape, since he often would remark to his publisher how horribly Jonathan Cape was advertising his books, even insisting that certain ads were to be taken down or reworded.

Norah was born in Hampstead, England in September 1895, would go on to be famous author herself after leaving Jonathan Cape Publishing. Her first book, The Sleeveless Errand, garnered a lot of publicity when it was immediately banned in England for being obscene before it even hit the shelves in 1929.

In 1939, Norah wrote her autobiography – I Lived in a Democracy. In this book, she says her family moved to St. John’s Wood in 1912 when she was 17. They were the 5th family to occupy the house at 3 Abbey Road…or as it has come to be known – Abbey Road Studios. One particularly amusing story Norah tells about her time living in the house, goes like this: Once my father refused to leave his room for twenty-four hours and I caught Mother throwing little packages of sandwiches into his window from the window in the passage above.

The Cordner-James’ moved from Abbey Road in 1920 and there would be two more owners of 3 Abbey Road before Gramophone would purchase the 103 year old house on Friday, June 28, 1929 and turn it into a recording studio. On June 6, 1962, The Beatles – John, Paul, George and Ringo strolled through the doors for the very first time to audition for George Martin.

In 1964, while The Beatles were busy becoming the greatest band the world has ever known, their leader, John Lennon published his first book – In His Own Write. His publisher was Jonathan Cape.

 

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Book Review: “Maximum Volume: The Life of Beatles Producer George Martin, The Early Years, 1926-1966” by Kenneth Womack

Maximum Volume George Martin Kenneth WomackI met Kenneth Womack, the author of Maximum Volume: The Life of Beatles Producer George Martin, The Early Years, 1926–1966in 2013 when he was the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs and a professor at Penn State (Altoona). Ken has written three books about the Beatles: Long and Winding Roads: The Evolving Artistry of the Beatles; The Cambridge Companion to the Beatles; and The Beatles Encyclopedia: Everything Fab Four. In February of 2014, Ken organized and hosted “It was 50 Years Ago Today – An International Beatles Celebration” – a 4 day Beatles conference at Penn State in Altoona, PA. He also holds a PhD. in 20th-Century British Literature and has written three novels. Pretty impressive, huh?

I remember attending a lecture on the Beatles a couple years ago and sitting down next to Ken in the auditorium as he was typing away at this book, the first book in a two volume set. I was really amazed at how he was doing it with no notes, just his fingers frantically beating away at the keyboard. After chatting with him briefly about what he was creating, I began really looking forward to reading it since everything else I’ve read about George Martin just seems to skim the surface of his life beyond the Beatles.

This book isn’t a simple read as it took me two weeks to take it all in even though it’s only 314 pages. The first half of the book is really intense, but unfortunately, the second half seemed to lose its gusto. No longer is the reader reading much about George’s personal life outside the studio (all the stuff I was looking forward to hearing about). Except for a couple paragraphs thrown in here and there about his divorce from his first wife was being final, and a spattering of paragraphs about the other artists he was working with, the second half of the book reads like a combination of George’s autobiography and Geoff Emerick’s book “Here, There and Everywhere”. The book seems to become just a daily log of recording the Beatles, what tracks were used for which instruments or vocals and techniques used for each song.

And then there is page 85! Whoa! *shakes head in utter disbelief*

The day before the meeting, which had been set for 11:30 AM on May 9 at Abbey Road, Brian asked Derek Taylor, a Liverpool journalist and his close friend and confidant, “What’s the point? Should I even bother going?” He then turned to Derek’s brother Alistair, his colleague at NEMS…”

WHAT?! Derek and Alistair were brothers? Why am I just hearing this now? How could I have read Derek’s book, Alistair’s book and Brian’s book…let alone all the other books I’ve read and never have heard that they were brothers? Did Kenneth Womack uncover some deep dark Beatles secret in his research? Ten pages later, I was still wondering about it, so I text a Beatles expert and friend and asked him about it. He said he’d get back to me and sure enough a couple hours later, after he consulted with a couple other Beatles experts and confirmed….it’s an error!

OMG…it’s a glaring error by the guy who wrote The Beatles Encyclopedia: Everything Fab Four.

I’m still looking forward to reading the second volume in this set when it’s released, but for all the above reasons…

I regretfully rate this book, 2 out of 4 Beetles!

UPDATE (Oct 2, 2017): After reading this review, Kenneth Womack contacted me via email to say: “Thanks for the review. The error has been corrected in the eBook and new edition, which is being published next week.” Thanks for the update, Ken!

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Ladies and Gentlemen…The Weeklings!

weeklings-studio-2-cover

I thought I was doing a favor for a fellow publicist, but little did I know that she was doing me a huge favor! Thank you, Maureen, for introducing me to the music of The Weeklings.

Maureen asked me a couple months ago if I would be interested in doing an article on my Beatles Freak Review page about the new band she is repping. She explained that their new album, Studio 2, was named after the studio at Abbey Road where the Beatles did all their recording, AND that her band, The Weeklings, had recorded this new album (their second album) there.

I was sent a preview copy of The Weeklings: Studio 2, and I couldn’t have been more pleasantly surprised. Slipped it into the CD player in my car and immediately wanted to start dancing. This album not only takes you back to the 60’s with it’s hand-claps and harmonica riffs, it does it in a new millennium style…STEREO! Add to that, that the last four cuts on this original album are the bands renditions of four very rare McCartney/Lennon songs, brought back to life for us old rockers and modernized for the new rockers. The album will be released on November 18, 2016, but you can listen to clips of the Studio 2 on Amazon and pre-order a copy for yourself.

The Weeklings are: Lefty (Glen Burtnik), Zeek (Bob Burger), Rocky (John Merjave), and Smokestack (Joe Bellia).lefty-zeek-rocky-smokestack

The Weeklings‘ CD release party and concert will be held on Friday, November 11, 2016 at the House of Independents in Asbury Park, NJ. You can get more information and tickets here. I’m really hoping to make this show myself. This is definitely a band I want to get up and dance to…

I decided to email some questions off to the band in hopes of getting more background information to write this post. As it turned out, both Zeek and Lefty decided to take on my questions and what ensued was so witty and charming, I decided to post the interview verbatim! So here it is, folks…The Weeklings!

1. Explain the name “The Weeklings”.  Not a very strong name…

From time to time many people ask what are Weeklings? Why Weeklings? Ugh, Weeklings, how did the name arrive? So we will tell you. It came in a vision – a man appeared on a flaming pizza and said unto them ‘From this day on you are THE Weeklings with an ‘E’. An alternate theory is that not a Week goes by that the band doesn’t write, record or perform their music. –ZW
 
Zeek is lying. I think it’s pretty obvious from our Hulk-like appearances that we met at the gym. At the beach really, in Venice Beach in California, where we were all four working out. We thought it’d be funny, calling ourselves The Weaklings, since we are such buff, pumped up wham-a-jamas. But we are bad at spelling. So, we hadn’t realized we spelled our name wrong until the first record was already out. So we stuck with it. We thought about changing it to The Weeklongs, The Zeeklings, The Wing Dings and The Changelings, but we kept changing our minds and figured it’s easier to just go with the flow, ya know. – LW
 
2. There’s a lot of rock n roll history in your member’s roots. How did you all manage to all come together to form this band?
 
Lefty and Zeek have been a song writing team for many years.  The members of the band also worked together for years in different situations, including the Glen Burtnik ‘BeatleBash’ shows.  At one point we did a show of all very early Beatle material and discovered how great it was to perform that music as a simple quartet.  We then did several quartet shows and the band just fell together. – ZW
 
I can’t believe what a liar Zeek is. The true story is Rocky & Smokestack met at a convention for Supercomputing engineers (hackers really). Smokestack, being a software engineer at Intelligent Medical Objects and Rocky being a graphics programmer for Android development at Talas Analytics, Inc, they paired up, first recognizing each other as competitors but eventually getting to like each other’s arm wrestling finesse. In time this led to rock music, as it does, and they found both Zeek and Lefty strung out in a bar of ill repute. – LW
 
3. How long have you been together? And where is your band based?
 
2+ years now.  We are based in Asbury Park, NJ. – ZW
 
Wrong. We’ve been together since 1956 and are based in Sofia, Bulgaria. I cannot believe Zeek’s insistence on misrepresenting the facts! – LW
 
4. Your website refers to you as “a Beatles inspired power pop”.  According to your history, two out of four of your members have actually played with Paul McCartney and your bass player has played Paul McCartney on Broadway. Any other brushes with the Fab Four you’d like to mention?
 
Lefty also met both McCartney and Ringo.  We also connected with Ken Scott and Alan Parsons (both were engineers on Beatle sessions), as advisor before recording at Abbey Road. – ZW
 
Finally, Zeek makes some sense. Rocky’s played with Billy Preston & Klaus Voorman. Pretty much everyone’s played with Denny Laine. There are lots of über talented Beatle-affiliated cats around which Rocky & I have musically crossed swords with. Steve Holley, Denny Seiwell, Laurence Juber, Joey Molland, Father MacKenzie, Lovely Rita, etc. – LW
 
5. Listening to your first album, released in March 2015, is like stepping back in time… as if listening to a transistor radio in the 1960’s! Are all the songs originals by The Weeklings?
 
No, but we’re glad you asked.  Six songs are original, and six are Lennon/McCartney/Harrison songs that were not released by the Beatles.  Our goal was to mix the material together to create the excitement of an early Beatle recording. – ZW
 
Zeek’s right for once, as much as I hate to admit it. – LW
 
6. You’ve got a new album coming out called “Studio 2”, named after the now famous studio at Abbey Road where the Beatles did most of their recording. Where did you come up with idea to go to London and record there? Is there a Beatles vibe being in that studio?
 
It was Lefty’s bucket list idea to record at Abbey Road.  But it made sense, since we recorded several more very rare Lennon/McCartney/Harrison songs, that to our knowledge have never been covered.  What more appropriate studio could there be to do that?  There is a distinct Beatles vibe to being in the real Studio 2.  You could hear the sound of the records just being there, and we were constantly pinching ourselves.  Hopefully, you’ll hear it on our “Studio 2” record. – ZW
 
It was Zeek’s idea. –LW
 
7. The new album will contain four rare Lennon/McCartney tracks. How did you discover these tunes?
 
“Because I Know You Love Me So” – is from an off-the-cuff demo sung by Lennon and McCartney that appears on the Let It Be “Fly On The Wall” album.  We liked it and decided to write an arrangement. “You Must Write” and “Some Days” – these are taken from a 1960s Beatles rehearsal tape recorded by McCartney.  We became aware of this tape via Mark Lewison’s book (“Tune In”), where the original songs were mentioned.  The tape was actually previously released on CD but is now out of print.  We found the songs by trolling YouTube. 
“Love Of The Loved” – this is really not so “rare”.  It was recorded by Cilla Black and was a minor hit in the UK.  It is known to most Beatle freaks.  Our arrangement of course is very different from the original Cilla Black version. – ZW
 
What Zeek said. – LW
 
8. While recording in London, did you get the opportunity to play in any clubs? Or have you played in the U.K. prior to this trip?
 
We didn’t play any clubs (no time!).  The individual members have played in the UK, but not The Weeklings as a band. – ZW
 
We DRANK in the pubs, but didn’t play music in any, as we were too intoxicated. – LW
 
9. Will there be any touring to support the new album?
 
As much as possible.  We are currently planning our 2017 schedule to support the album. – ZW
 
I plan on touring local condos and other available dwellings in the next year. Yes, there’ll be much touring ensued and libations imbibed. – LW

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